novice


novice
novice, novitiate, apprentice, probationer, postulant, neophyte are comparable when applied to one who is a beginner, especially in a trade, a profession, a career, or a sphere of life.
Novice and the less common novitiate may be applied to anyone who comes under this description, since inexperience is their chief distinguishing implication
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a novice in writing

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a novice in mountain climbing had better not start with Mount Everest— Guérard

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acquaint the novice with the manuscripts about which the experts talk— Monaghan

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show the Communist novitiate as a human being with idealistic impulses— Daniel Bell

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novitiates to the druidic priesthood required twenty years' training in the mysteries—C. W. Ferguson

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Novice is specifically applied to a new member of a religious order who is undergoing training before taking first and usually not the final vows.
Apprentice is applicable to a beginner who is serving under another as his master or teacher
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a graduate assistant would begin as an apprentice to a full-time staff member— H. R. Bowen

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the breathless, the fructifying adoration of a young apprentice in the atelier of some great master of the Renaissance— Brooks

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In such applications it emphasizes subjection to supervision and discipline rather than inexperience. It often denotes a young person who is starting his working career as a beginner at a skilled trade under an arrangement involving both work and on-the-job tuition and often a planned schedule of supplementary study or applies to an enlisted man in the United States Navy (usually called in full apprentice seaman) who is receiving instruction in seamanship, gunnery, and the rudiments of a general education.
Probationer designates a beginner who is on trial for a period of time and must prove his aptitude for the work or life
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the young ones who are seeking recognition and establishment—the graduate students and the instructors—in general, the probationers in the field— R. M. Weaver

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the brevity and vanity of this life, in which we are but probationersRichardson

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Postulant implies candidacy for admission (as into a religious order); it may also imply acceptance for a period of probation
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the Essenes had books of their own which the postulant for admission to their sect had to swear to preserve— Jeffery

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words . . . often answering to calls too subtile for analysis, are constantly presenting themselves as postulants for recognition— Fitzedward Hall

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Neophyte usually suggests initiation, and is applicable to one who is learning the ways, methods, or principles of something (as an art, a science, a society, a club, or a religious faith) with which he is newly connected
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such an encounter usually perplexes the neophyte at first— M. C. Cooke

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It often carries connotations of innocence and youthful eagerness derived from its association with a newly baptized person or convert to Christianity
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the old philosopher of Monticello was more than pleased with this ardent neophyte .... Not since his own years abroad had Jefferson seen such an eager student— Brooks

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Analogous words: beginner, starter, commencer (see corresponding verbs at BEGIN): *amateur, dilettante, dabbler, tyro

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • novice — [ nɔvis ] n. et adj. • 1175 adj.; lat. novicius I ♦ N. (XIIIe ) 1 ♦ Personne qui a pris récemment l habit religieux et passe un temps d épreuve (⇒ noviciat) dans un couvent, avant de prononcer des vœux définitifs. Maître, mère des novices.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Novice — • The canonical Latin name of those who, having been regularly admitted into a religious order and ordinarily already confirmed in their higher vocation by a certain period of probation as postulants, are prepared by a series of exercises and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • novice — NOVÍCE, novici, ce, s.m. şi f. 1. Persoană care abia a început să înveţe ceva sau care a început de curând să activeze într un domeniu; începător. ♦ (Adjectival) Care nu are experienţa vieţii. 2. Persoană care a intrat de curând într o mănăstire… …   Dicționar Român

  • novice — Novice. adj. de t. genre. Qui a pris nouvellement l habit de Religion dans un Convent pour s y éprouver pendant un certain temps, dans le dessein d y faire profession. Un Religieux profez, un Religieux novice. les Religieuses novices les freres… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Novice — Nov ice, a. Like a novice; becoming a novice. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Novice — Novice, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 142 Housing Units (2000): 65 Land area (2000): 0.451929 sq. miles (1.170491 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.451929 sq. miles (1.170491 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Novice, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 142 Housing Units (2000): 65 Land area (2000): 0.451929 sq. miles (1.170491 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.451929 sq. miles (1.170491 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Novice — Nov ice, n. [F., from L. novicius, novitius, new, from novus new. See {New}, and cf. {Novitious}.] 1. One who is new in any business, profession, or calling; one unacquainted or unskilled; one yet in the rudiments; a beginner; a tyro. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • novice — UK US /ˈnɒvɪs/ noun [C] ► a person who does not have much experience in a particular job or situation: »a programming manual for novices »The article is full of advice for the novice investor …   Financial and business terms

  • novice — (n.) mid 14c., probationer in a religious order, from O.Fr. novice beginner (12c.), from M.L. novicius, noun use of L. novicius newly imported, newly arrived, inexperienced (of slaves), from novus new (see NEW (Cf. new)). Meaning inexperienced… …   Etymology dictionary


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